Article de revue: ID no. (ISBN etc.):  00071269 Clé de citation BibTeX:  Nobes2009
Nobes, G., & Panagiotaki, G. (2009). Mental models or methodological artefacts? adults' 'naïve' responses to a test of children's conceptions of the earth. British Journal of Psychology, 100(2), pp. 347–363.
Ajoutée par: Lynda Taabane 2009-10-16 18:57:29
 B  
Catégories: Représentations naives
Descripteurs: INNOCENCE (Psychology), MENTAL models theory (Communication), PSYCHOLOGICAL tests, PSYCHOLOGICAL tests for children, THOUGHT & thinking
Auteurs: Nobes, Panagiotaki
Collection: British Journal of Psychology

Nombre de vues:  194
Popularité:  18.18%

 
Résumé
Vosniadou and Brewer (1992) claim that children's drawings and answers to questions show that they have naïve, theory-like 'mental models' of the earth; for example, they believe it to be flat, or hollow with people inside. However, recent studies that have used different methods have found little or no evidence of these misconceptions. The contrasting accounts, and possible reasons for the inconsistent findings, were tested by giving adults (N = 484) either the original task (designed for 5-year olds) or a new version in which the same drawing instructions and questions were rephrased and clarified. Many adults' responses to the original version were identical to children's 'naïve' drawings and answers. The new version elicited substantially fewer non-scientific responses. These findings indicate that even adults find the original instructions and questions ambiguous and confusing, and that this is the principal reason for their nonscientific drawings and answers. Since children must
Ajoutée par: Lynda Taabane

 
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